Hayle Townscape

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Understanding Hayle

A Taste of Hayle's History Townscape Objectives
  • Hayle estuary has provided a safe harbour and focus for settlement since prehistory
  • The Iron Age hill fort at Carnsew and the Roman fortlet at Lelant controlled access to the estuary for hundreds of years
  • The estuary was home to important international tin trading in the 5th-7th centuries that probably helped spread Christianity
  • Trade in mediaeval times produced a network of quays around the estuary serviced by roads to the waterside, causeways across the mud flats and a ferry across the estuary mouth
  • Tin streaming was a major industry by the 1530s, clogging the estuary up to St Erth, & requiring a new port at the estuary mouth
  • Mining of tin and copper in west Cornwall drove the industrial development of Hayle from the 18th century and the present network of quays was begun in the 1740s
  • Hayle's large estuary, proximity to mines and its easy access to Welsh coal, Welsh smelters and the great trading centre of Bristol made it an ideal trading port. Tin and copper smelting expanded, developing milling and food production into major industries too
  • Bitter competitors Harvey & Co and the Cornish Copper Co were both heavily involved in mining in the the 19th century, introducing steam powered engines to exploit ever deeper mines and making the world's' largest pumps to drain the Dutch polders
  • Harvey & Co worked with great engineers Trevithick, West and Woolf to create unrivalled engineering expertise in Cornwall, expanding their interest from mining tools into iron founding, mine engines and ships before dwindling away in the 20th century.
  • Support the continuing regeneration of Harvey's Foundry
  • Significantly reduce the number of historic buildings at risk
  • Promote the sustainable re-use of vacant or under-used floorspace in historic buildings
  • Repair or reinstate historic shopfronts
  • Repair damaged architectural features or reinstate lost features
  • Repair or enhance historic street surfaces and furniture in key places around the town's conservation area
  • Safeguard existing jobs
  • Generate work opportunities for using traditional building skills in the repair and refurbishment of historic buildings
  • Promote creation of new long term jobs
  • Promote local traditional building trade skills and materials
  • Promote opportunities for education and training in local traditional building skills and materials
  • Promote awareness of historic buildings and places and the freely available advice about their care and protection
  • Promote awareness of sustainable conservation, construction and lifestyles
  • Promote awareness of Hayle's history and unique industrial heritage
  • Promote awareness of the evolution of Hayle's built environment
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